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Overview of High-Impact HIV Prevention


National HIV/AIDS Strategy

The National HIV/AIDS Strategy (NHAS) vision is for the "United States to become a place where new HIV infections are rare and when they do occur, every person, regardless of age, gender, race/ethnicity, sexual orientation, gender identity, or socio-economic circumstance, will have unfettered access to high quality, life-extending care, free from stigma and discrimination.” NHAS has four goals; reduce new HIV infections, increase access to care and improve health outcomes for people living with HIV, and reduce HIV-related disparities and health inequities, and achieve a more coordinated national response to the HIV epidemic. In order to achieve these goas, the CDC has made it a priority to leverage high-impact HIV prevention (HIP), which supports interventions that are: scientifically proven, cost-effective, scalable, targeted to the highest risk populations, and in the highest risk geographical areas.

HIV Care Continuum


High-Impact HIV Prevention (HIP)

To support and advance NHAS, CDC and its partners are currently pursuing a High-Impact Prevention approach. This approach seeks to consider not only program effectiveness, but also the overall impact on the course of the epidemic. While combining effective prevention tools is essential, it is not enough. To maximize reductions in new HIV infections, prevention strategies need to be combined in the smartest and most efficient ways possible for the populations and areas most affected by the epidemic.

CDC is working at the national level and with state and local partners throughout the United States to identify and implement the most cost-effective and scalable interventions in the geographic areas hardest hit by HIV and among the most severely affected populations within those areas. High-impact HIV prevention will help achieve a higher level of impact with every federal prevention dollar spent.

CDC has already taken a number of key steps to advance this approach, including implementing an improved approach to funding distribution, expanding HIV testing, and initiating demonstration projects in many of the hardest-hit communities in the United States.